Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that corrects teeth and jaws that are positioned improperly.
Crooked teeth and teeth that do not fit together correctly are harder to keep clean, are at risk of being lost early due to tooth decay and periodontal disease, and cause extra stress on the chewing muscles that can lead to headaches, TMJ syndrome and neck, shoulder and back pain. Teeth that are crooked or not in the right place can also detract from one’s appearance.
How do I Know if I Need Orthodontics?
Only your dentist or orthodontist can determine whether you can benefit from orthodontics. Based on diagnostic tools that include a full medical and dental health history, a clinical exam, plaster models of your teeth, and special X-rays and photographs, an orthodontist or dentist can decide whether orthodontics are recommended, and develop a treatment plan that’s right for you.
If you have any of the following, you may be a candidate for orthodontic treatment:
- Overbite, sometimes called “buck teeth” — where the upper front teeth lie too far forward (stick out) over the lower teeth
- Underbite — a “bulldog” appearance where the lower teeth are too far forward or the upper teeth too far back
- Crossbite — when the upper teeth do not come down slightly in front of the lower teeth when biting together normally
- Open bite — space between the biting surfaces of the front and/or side teeth when the back teeth bite together
- Misplaced midline— when the center of your upper front teeth does not line up with the center of your lower front teeth
- Spacing — gaps, or spaces, between the teeth as a result of missing teeth or teeth that do not “fill up” the mouth
- Crowding — when there are too many teeth for the dental ridge to accommodate
How Does Orthodontic Treatment Work?
Many different types of appliances, both fixed and removable, are used to help move teeth, retrain muscles and affect the growth of the jaws. These appliances work by placing gentle pressure on the teeth and jaws. The severity of your problem will determine which orthodontic approach is likely to be the most effective.
- Ceramic Type
- Tooth Coloured
- Metal Brackets
- Clear Aligners
- Straight Wire Technique
- Removable Appliance
- Fixed Appliances
- Myofunctional Appliance
ORTHODONTICS AND DENTOFACIAL ORTHOPAEDICS:
Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry which deals with the alignment of irregular or crooked teeth. While most people are treated with orthodontic braces in their teens, we at Dr Ummar’s Al Shifa Dental clinic believe the best time to be examined by dentist is when a child is six years old. Frequently we are able to avoid major orthodontic work in later years by using space maintaining devices to avoid overcrowding of teeth and with the help of myofunctional and orthopaedic appliances ( growth modification) we are able to correct majority of growth related problems in growing children.
Remember , there is no age limit to start Orthodontic treatment. Orthodontics for adults is very popular worldwide , and the orthodontists at Dr Ummar’s Al Shifa Dental clinic will work to align your teeth beautifully to give you the smile which makes you look as young as you feel.
Teeth braces or “ tooth clips” as they are more commonly called in India , is a routine treatment for a condition known in dentistry as “ malocclusion”. This condition means your teeth are not perfectly set. This could be either because they are crowded or crooked or prominent or because your jaw is not in perfect alignment.
TYPES OF DENTAL BRACES:
Modern Orthodontic Treatment offer a variety of options including both visible and invisible dental braces. They include stainless steel alloys, bonded lingual, gold plated, ceramic, clear dental braces and Invisalign.
TRADITIONAL METAL BRACES – involve brackets bonded to each tooth, connected in a series by arch wire, and tightened by ligature elastics. These arrange teeth by putting pressure on them. Springs or O – rings are sometimes used to concentrate force on specific areas or in a particular direction. Over time, teeth get aligned into proper positions.
CERAMIC / CLEAR DENTAL BRACES – are an invisible alternative to metal braces. They are less noticeable and proven way to straighten teeth. Ceramic are the type of clear dental braces that usually match to our teeth color or come in clear brackets to fix to the teeth.
SELF – LIGATING BRACES (METAL AND CERAMIC) – are braces which utilizes a permanently installed moveable component to entrap the arch wire. The main advantage of self – ligating brackets over conventional metal / ceramic brackets are reduced chair side time and frequent dental visits can be avoided.
LINGUAL ORTHODONTICS – modern patients are very concerned with their appearance during orthodontic treatment. The word “ lingual “ means tongue. Lingual braces ( also called as invisible braces) are attached to the inside surfaces of teeth that face the tongue. There they are practically invisible from the outside, even up – close.
INVISALIGN – Invisalign straightens your teeth using a custom – made series of aligners fabricated for you and only you. These aligner trays are made of smooth , comfortable and virtually invisible plastic that you wear over your teeth. They gradually and gently shift your teeth into place. There are no metal brackets to attach and no wire to tighten. You just pop in a new set of aligners approximately every two weeks until your treatments is complete. You will achieve a great smile with little interference to your daily life.